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                         L'CHAIM - ISSUE # 1159
                           Copyright (c) 2011
                 Lubavitch Youth Organization - L.Y.O.
                              Brooklyn, NY
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   Dedicated to the memory of Rebbetzin Chaya Mushka Schneerson N.E.
        February 18, 2011       Ki Sisa          14 Adar I, 5771

                                The Seed

There's a wonderful story for children called "The Carrot Seed." It's
about a little boy who plants a carrot seed in the ground, waters it and
waits for the seed to turn into a carrot. All those around him are
doubters. They tell him "it won't come up." But the little boy waits and
watches - and soon enough, his faith is rewarded. The top of a carrot
breaks through the soil and appears above the ground.

If the little boy had dug into the ground at any time, to see if the
seed he planted was still there, what would he have seen? If, affected
by the doubts of those around him, he just "had to check to make sure
the seed was still there," would it have been? And even if it had been,
once he'd moved the dirt and exposed the seed, would it have survived?

When we look at a mighty oak tree, we know that it came from an acorn.
But if we were to search beneath the roots, even using a microscope or
x-rays, we wouldn't find the acorn (perhaps a small remnant, but surely
not the acorn). In the process of producing an oak tree, the acorn
disappears, dissolves into the ground. It's as if the acorn never was.

All our actions are seeds. What we do, what we say, even what we think,
are seeds we sow. The kind of plant they will become - or if they will
grow at all - depends on the kind of seed we sow, and also on our
approach to the planted seed.

If we plant acts of goodness and kindness, then a great oak may result.
If we speak well of another, or hold back from gossiping, the seed might
be that of a productive apple tree. Words of Torah read in a book,
studied in a class, discussed around a dinner table, could become a
giant sequoia!

We may not recognize - we probably won't recognize - the seed we planted
in the orchard or forest of trees. Because often a seemingly small,
insignificant action on our part might be seen, noticed, observed by
another person who is inspired by our action and who makes a decision to
plant his own seeds. We cannot know the effect of all of our seed
planting or sometimes even that we have planted seeds.

In the children's story, the little boy did was actually something he
didn't do - he didn't interfere. Having done what he needed to do, what
he was supposed to do, he kept his hands out of the dirt - literally. In
our terms, he kept his ego out of the process. He wasn't worried what
happened to "his" seed - imagine if he'd opened the ground and not found
the seed! What panic and despair! And yet, if the seed must disappear
for the plant - carrot, oak, or apple - to grow - then the disappearance
of the seed was a good thing.

This is the first lesson: we must strive to keep our egos out of the
seed-planting. We don't have to identify a mitzva (commandment), a good
deed, a positive action or thought or idea, as ours. We just need to
plant the seeds.

The little boy also watched. He had faith. He did not know when the
carrot would appear, but he was so sure it would. Is this not the faith
we really want? An unshakable assurance that the "fruit of our labor,"
the end result of all of our seed planting, will be the perfect world of
the days of Moshiach?

In the Haftorah which accompanies this week's Torah portion of Ki Tisa
we read about Elijah the Prophet and his famous confrontation with the
prophets of Baal. Elijah addressed the Jewish nation and said, "How long
will you waver between the two? If G-d is truly G-d, then follow Him,
and if it is Baal, then go after him."

Elijah told the Jewish People: your inability to choose between the two
alternatives is the worst possible spiritual path, even worse than
choosing outright idolatry.

How can anything be worse than idolatry  -  ascribing G-dly powers to an
object? Is it not better to reach some sort of compromise, to maintain a
belief in G-d, but to nevertheless incorporate some elements of
paganism? Why did Elijah say that it is preferable, G-d forbid, to
actually worship idols?

Maimonides wrote that the worship of idols arose from human error, from
a faulty understanding of the natural world. When some people looked at
the physical forces governing the world, they mistakenly believed that
those forces themselves should be worshiped, not realizing that it is
G-d who causes the sun to shine and the rain to fall.

When a person worships an idol, be it one made of stone, or the planets
and stars in the sky, he thinks that by placating these objects he will
receive more blessings in his life. This, then, is the difference
between a true idolator and a Jew who straddles the fence, never making
a clear choice between idolatry and worship of the One, true G-d.

An idol worshippers may one day arrive at the conclusion that idolatry
is wrong and return wholeheartedly to G-d, after having admitted his
error. But it is far more difficult for a person who is "straddling the
fence" to realize the error of his ways and see that he is committing a
sin. For his part, he thinks that he is still a good Jew, for he still
maintains the outer semblance of Jewish observance.

An idolator, even one who believes in a false god, believes that his god
is the source of all life. He seeks spiritual truth, albeit in the wrong
direction. But one who professes to believe in G-d yet secretly pledges
obedience to an idol seeks not truth, but convenience and comfort. He
wants to benefit from both worlds, covering all possible bases.

A person who vacillates is also more detrimental to those around him. An
idol worshippers is more easily avoided, and not likely to lead others
astray, who could be deceived by outward appearances.

Elijah's message holds true for us today. It is far easier to avoid
obvious pitfalls in spiritual matters than to stand on guard against
finer, less conspicuous compromises. But it is these finer points which
ultimately define our intellectual honesty and our faith.

                   Adapted from the works of the Lubavitcher Rebbe.

                             SLICE OF LIFE
                               Going Home
                       by Mordecai Hahn-Markowitz

It all started a few years ago after I visited Poland with my son's
class; it continued with tape recording my cousin's account of some of
his Holocaust experiences, and was enhanced by the bond forged with our
cousins in Salzburg.

On a deeper level it started long before, on the day of my brit mila
(circumcision) when I was named for my great-grandfather, Mordecai
Markowitz. And it was spurred by 20 years of growing up in the loving
presence of my grandfather Eugene, Mordecai's son, who instilled in me
the strong Jewish identity that has shaped so much of who I am.

The start was promising but the continuation foundered. My desire to
find and visit grandfather Mordecai's grave was a dream I talked about,
but no more.

In early 2004 my cousins in Salzburg told us that Mordecai lived in
Batyu, a small village near the town of Munkasch in Ukraine. But still I
did nothing. Then one day I told my office manager that I would like to
find the burial place of my great-grandfather. Her response: "You told
me that a few years ago!"

The (justified) verbal slap in the face finally spurred me into action.
Through the internet, I contacted Rabbi Arye Linker of the Rabbinical
Centre of Europe (RCE). Rabbi Linker, a former American who (like me)
has lived in Israel for many years, heads up the RCE division that works
to preserve Jewish cemeteries in Europe. He told me of a Chabad Rabbi,
Menachem Mendel Taichman, who lives in Uzhgorod.

I contacted Rabbi Taichman, who was more than cooperative. He told me
that he was not certain about the state of the Jewish cemetery in Batyu
but he agreed to travel there on my behalf and find out. And he did just

In mid-August I received an email from Rabbi Taichman that he had
visited the cemetery in Batyu. He had remembered visiting there a few
years earlier on behalf of an American family who paid for a fence to be
built around the cemetery. He had examined each gravestone - and the
fifth one he saw was that of Grandfather Mordecai!

I had given the rabbi the name of Mordecai's father, Ya'akov Zvi, and
also sent him the acrostic that was on Mordecai's gravestone. The rabbi
mentioned finding on the gravestone "Mordecai ben Ya'akov Zvi"; he did
not mention seeing the last name and made only an oblique reference to
additional words on the stone. Rabbi Taichman noted, how many "Mordecai
ben Ya'akov Zvis" could there be in a small place such as Batyu?

Two weeks later on a Friday morning, I left Israel on a flight to
Budapest with a continuing flight to Uzhgorod. The flight to Uzhgorod
was what I imagined: a propeller plane with only five passengers. A taxi
took me to Hotel Uzhgorod: modern, clean and nice, the only place in
town where people spoke English.

It was late Friday afternoon when I got to the hotel. Rabbi Taichman and
his wife had invited me to their house for a "small" meal before
Shabbat. Afterwards I accompanied the rabbi to the synagogue, a short
walk from his house. After services we returned to the rabbi's house for
dinner. The rabbi and his wife (both Israelis) and their five children,
are obviously used to guests.

For me, it was a chance to experience a world that is close to my heart
but far removed from my secular, cynical milieu. I highly recommend this
spiritual therapy. But above all was my feeling of indebtedness to a
rabbi who only for the sake of doing a mitzva for a fellow Jew, brought
me closer to touching my family roots.

Shabbat was peaceful and very "Shabbisdik": morning services; another
Shabbat meal at the rabbi's house with more singing and even dancing; a
rest before the afternoon services; more eating and then the evening
prayers and Havdala.

Sunday morning. This was to be the big day: I was going to Batyu! Joined
by Rabbi Taichman, one of his local assistants and two Taichman boys, we
set out. Batyu is some 40 km from Uzhgorod, close to the Hungarian
border. The rabbi hadn't promised to come - he was busy with the
preparations for a Holocaust Memorial Service scheduled for the next day
- but in the end he was able to join me and I was happy.

Once we arrived things happened quickly - and dramatically. We saw an
elderly woman. I asked the rabbi to find out if she remembered my
great-grandfather. Markowitz? Yes, she remembered. She said that he sold
newspapers and magazines from his house. Is the house still standing?
Yes, and she agreed to take me to it. In a few minutes I found myself
standing in front of the house where Mordecai had lived. Later, when
back in Israel, in a conversation with my cousin, he confirmed that
Mordecai had indeed sold newspapers and magazines.

Finding the house was an unexpected bonus but the real emotional high
point was at the Jewish cemetery located right in the village, between
two houses. The cemetery is quite small, about 100 standing gravestones.

As I approached Mordecai's gravestone my heart began to pound. Not only
did the stone show the names of Mordecai and his father but also his
last name - Markowitz - and in addition, the acrostic that my cousin had
remembered, word for word! The words  on the stone also said that
Mordecai died  in old age on 17 Iyar 5702.

The feeling of relief at knowing that I had found the grave quickly made
way for the emotion swelling up inside me. As I read from the book of
Psalms, the tears began to flow. At that moment I had no doubt that what
Rabbi Taichman said was true: that G-d was with me in Batyu, that He
wanted me to be there.  I believed then and still believe, that Mordecai
himself, my grandfather, my father, my cousin, and also Mordecai's
descendants who survived him, only to be killed shortly thereafter in
the Holocaust - were all with me that day. I know that my grandfather
Eugene's soul was looking down and smiling at me, in Batyu.

             Reprinted with permission from ESRA Magazine issue 153
                              Feb/March 2010,

                               WHAT'S NEW
                           New Torah Scrolls

A new Torah scroll was dedicated in Brighton, England, and paraded to
its home at the Holland Road Shul. The community wrote the Torah in
honor of the 50th birthday of Rabbi Pesach Efune, director of Lubavitch
of Brighton. A new Torah scroll was completed in Melbourne, Australia,
in memory of Rabbi Aryeh Leib Kramer, an emissary of the Previous
Lubavitcher Rebbe and the Lubavitcher Rebbe. It will be used by small
communities in need of a Torah. A new Torah scroll, donated by the
Jewish community of Mexico City, was welcomed to its home at the Chabad
House in Cozumel, Mexico. Friends and supporters of the Chabad community
in Venice, Italy, joined together to welcome a new Torah. The procession
included a brief boat ride.

                            THE REBBE WRITES
                          28 Adar, 5721 (1961)

The principle of unity is the essence of Judaism, since Abraham first
proclaimed monotheism in a world of idolatry, which came to full
fruition at the revelation at Mount Sinai.

For true monotheism, as professed by us, and as explained in the Jewish
religion, is not only the truth that there is only one G-d and none with
Him, but that there is "nothing besides" Him (ein od milvado), that is
the denial of the existence of any reality but G-d's, the denial of
pluralism and dualism even the separation between the material and

It is interesting to note that the more the physical sciences advance,
the closer one approaches the principle of unity even in the world of

For, whereas formerly it was the accepted opinion that the plurality and
compositeness in the material world can be reduced to some 100 odd basic
elements and entities, and physical forces and laws were regarded as
being separate and independent, not to mention the dichotomy between
matter and energy.

But in recent years, with the advancement of science, the basic elements
themselves were reduced to several more elementary components of the
atom, viz. electrons, protons and neutrons, and even these were
immediately qualified as not the ultimate "blocks" of matter, until the
discovery was made that matter and energy are reducible and convertible
one into the other.

It is well known that the Baal Shem Tov, the founder of general
Chasidus, taught, and Rabbi Shneur Zalman, the founder of Chabad
Chasidus, explained and amplified, that every detail in human experience
is an instruction in a person's service to his Maker.

Thus, what has been said above about the advancement of science,
exemplified also the progress of human advancement in the service of

Man possesses two apparently contradictory elements, no less
incompatible than the incompatibility of matter and spirit, the
counterpart of which in the physical world is matter and energy.

I refer to the Divine soul and animal soul, or, on a lower level, the
Yetzer Tov and the Yetzer Hora (the inclination toward good and the
inclination toward evil). But this incompatibility is evident only in
the infantile stage of progress in Divine service, comparable to the
plurality of elements and forces which were presumed to exist in
physical nature.

But, just as the appreciation of the underlying unity of nature grew
with the advancement of science, so does perfection in the Divine
service lead to the realization of the essential unity in human nature,
to the point where the Yetzer Tov and the Yetzer Hora become one,
through the transformation of the Yetzer Hora by and into the Yetzer
Tov, for otherwise, of course, there can be no unity and harmony, since
all that is holy and positive and creative could never make peace and be
subservient to the unholy, negative and destructive.

And in this attained unity the Jew proclaims, [Shema Yisroel] "Hear O
Israel, G-d our G-d, G-d is one."

This is also what our Sages meant, when they succinctly said - as they
often compress far-reaching ideas into a few concise words - that the
words, "And you shall love G-d, your G-d, with all your heart
(levovecho)," which immediately follow Shema Yisroel, mean: with both
your Yetzers, with the Yetzer Hora, as with the Yetzer Tov.

                            WHAT'S IN A NAME
ORNA is Hebrew, meaning "pine tree," or "let there be light."

OVADIA is Hebrew, meaning "worshippers" or "servant of G-d." In the
Bible, (Ovadia 1:1) Ovadia was one of the twelve minor Prophets known as
"Trei Asar." Ovadia was a righteous convert, a descendant of Isaac's son
Esau from the nation of Edom.

                        A WORD FROM THE DIRECTOR
                         Rabbi Shmuel M. Butman
As there are two months of Adar this year (this year being a leap year),
this week contains Purim Katan (the "minor" Purim).

The day after Purim Katan is Shushan Purim Katan, Shushan Purim being
the day Purim is celebrated in walled cities such as Jerusalem.

As there are very few customs associated with Purim Katan and Shushan
Purim Katan let us take a moment to understand the significance of
Shushan Purim according to Chasidut.

The celebration of this holiday was instituted in connection with the
Land of Israel. Our Sages decreed that Shushan Purim be celebrated in
those cities that were surrounded by walls at the time of Joshua's
conquest of the Land of Israel.

In this manner, they paid respect to the Holy Land, giving its walled
cities the honor given to Shushan even though they had been destroyed by
the time of the Purim miracle.

However, the holiday's name is connected with a city in the Diaspora -
the capital city of Achashveirosh, king of Persia (and thus the capital
of the entire civilized world).

The use of the name "Shushan" expresses the completion of the Jews'
mission to refine the material environment of the world. There are
several levels in the fulfillment of this task; for example, the
transformation of mundane objects into articles of holiness. On a deeper
level, this involves the transformation into holiness of precisely those
elements which previously opposed holiness.

Shushan Purim shows how Achashveirosh's capital city was transformed
into a positive influence, indeed, an influence so great that it is
connected with the celebration of Purim in the walled cities of Israel.

May we use all of the extra spiritual energy given to us on Purim Katan
and Shushan Purim Katan to transform the mundane into the holy and that
which opposes holiness into holiness, until the whole world is
transformed into a dwelling place for G-d in the Messianic Era.

                          THOUGHTS THAT COUNT
And the Children of Israel shall keep the Sabbath, to observe the
Sabbath (Ex. 31:16)

The holiness of Shabbat exists independently of the Jew; all he is
enjoined to do is guard it. Yet at the same time, the Jew is commanded
to observe Shabbat by his own actions, adding to its inherent holiness
with his preparation and service.

                                        (Sefer Hamaamarim Tav Shin)

                                *  *  *

And you shall make a basin of copper... and they shall wash their hands
and their feet (Ex. 30:18, 21)

Nowadays, when prayer must take the place of the priests' service in the
Holy Temple, we wash our hands before we begin to pray. Yet in
distinction to the priests of old, Maimonides concludes that also the
face (in addition to the feet, if they warrant it) must be washed prior
to praying. The hands and feet enable a person to perform practical
actions, but the face and head contain the person's higher faculties -
the intellect, the faculties of sight and hearing, and the ability to
speak. When the Holy Temple was in existence and Jews enjoyed a more
direct relationship with G-d, only the outer extremities needed
purification. Unfortunately, however, during the exile, a Jew's most
sublime gifts are often abused, applied towards matters unworthy of
their attention, making their purification before prayer also necessary.

                                            (The Lubavitcher Rebbe)

                                *  *  *

Everyone who sought G-d went out to the Tabernacle of Meeting, which was
outside the camp (Ex. 30:7)

In actuality they were looking for Moses, yet the Torah states that they
were seeking G-d. We thus learn that receiving the leader of the
generation is the same as receiving G-d Himself.

                                         (Jerusalem Talmud, Eruvin)

                                *  *  *

This shall they give...half a shekel (Exodus 30:13)

The commandment to give a half-shekel was in order "to make an atonement
for your souls," to atone for the sins of the Jewish people. The amount
was therefore set at precisely half a coin, to show that G-d Himself is
responsible for the other half. Had He not created the Evil Impulse to
tempt us in the first place, we would never transgress.

                                                 (Reb Simcha Bunim)

                            IT ONCE HAPPENED
The Chozeh interrupted the discussion, and advised them to let the
horses' reins go free and let them go where they would.

They did as he said, and they travelled quite a few miles on the road
before meeting a peasant who told them that the town which they had
reached was not the one they had been searching for. Nevertheless, as
Shabbat was quickly approaching, they had to stop over and find some
lodging for the night.

At that point the Chozeh announced to his chasidim, "This Shabbat I am
not to be known as a rebbe." From this they understood that he wanted to
be inconspicuous for some reason of his own. It was also understood that
they would be on their own in finding appropriate accommodations.

So, they entered the town and made their way to the synagogue, knowing
that, according to time-honored custom, strangers always received an
invitation from some villager for the Shabbat meal. Sure enough, they
all received invitations, except for the Chozeh who, in his usual
fashion prolonged his prayers until all the other congregants had left.
There was, however, one very old man who also remained in the shul
(synagogue) and sat singing the traditional Shabbat tunes.

The old man noticed the stranger and asked him, "Where will you be
having your meal?"

The Chozeh replied, "I don't know yet."

"Well, I would suggest that you have your Shabbat meals in the local
inn, and after the Shabbat ends, I will go around and collect the money
to pay the bill."

"No," replied the Chozeh, "In that inn, they don't even light Shabbat
candles. No, I wouldn't make kiddush (the Shabbat blessing over wine) in
such a place."

"Well, I would invite you to my own home, but we really don't have much
of anything to eat or drink."

"Don't worry, I don't eat very much, and I don't drink very much

"All right, so, you'll come home with me." said the old man, still
sitting with his prayer book in his hand. "Tell me, where do you come

"I come from Lublin."

"You don't say! Why, you don't happen to know the tzadik (righteous
person), the Chozeh, do you?"

"It so happens that I know him very well. I spend all of my time with

The old man's eyes lit up like a fire. "Please, what can you tell me
about him?"

"Well, what kind of things do you want to know?" asked the Chozeh.

"To tell you the truth, I have fasted one day every week for years, so
that I might merit to set my eyes on the tzadik. You see, many years
ago, when he was just a little boy, I was his teacher. In those days he
was a regular boy, just like all the rest, nothing special about him.
But now, I hear he performs miracles and is a great tzadik. Every day
when his turn came to read from the prayer-book, he would be missing.
And when he would finally turn up, I would always spank him. Then, one
day I decided to follow him. I was curious to see where he went all the
time. So, I walked a little distance behind him, and followed him into
the forest. There, he sat down and cried out from the depths of his
heart, 'Shema Yisrael, Hashem Elokeinu, Hashem Echad!' From that day on
I never spanked him again."

The Chozeh was greatly moved by the old man's recitation, and it was
clear to him why G-d had directed his path to this out-of-the-way little
village. He revealed to the old man his real identity, and the old man
fainted away. After he was revived, the tzadik told him not to reveal to
anyone else who he was.

After the end of Shabbat the Chozeh and his followers continued on in
the originally intended direction. They arrived at an inn and enjoyed
the Melave Malka meal, bidding goodbye to the Shabbat Queen. When they
had finished, the Chozeh told them, "Let's return to the village now,
for it is time for us to pay our last respects to the old man I stayed
with. He has just departed from this world." They returned and said the
eulogy for the old man who had such a burning love for tzadikim, that
G-d granted him his greatest wish.

                            MOSHIACH MATTERS
Our Sages highlight the connection between children and redemption by
interpreting the verse, "Do not touch My anointed ones (meshichai)"
(Chronicles I 16:22), as referring to Jewish children. Why are children
given this title? - Because they have no other genuine concern besides
Mashiach. A child truly wants to live in a world of peace, harmony,
knowledge and joy, and these are the very qualities that will
characterize the Era of the Redemption.

           (The Lubavitcher Rebbe, Shushan Purim Katan 5752 - 1992)

               END OF TEXT - L'CHAIM 1159 - Ki Sisa 5771

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