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                         L'CHAIM - ISSUE # 1468
                           Copyright (c) 2017
                 Lubavitch Youth Organization - L.Y.O.
                              Brooklyn, NY
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   Dedicated to the memory of Rebbetzin Chaya Mushka Schneerson N.E.
        April 21, 2017           Shmini           25 Nisan, 5777

                           Spiritual Exercise

Ahh, spring. If spring is here, can summer be far behind?

Spring forces us out of hibernation. In the spring we yearn to be
outdoors, at least more than we were during the cold, dreary winter
months. Spring, and the summer season that follows, inspires us to
exercise and get in shape.

Interestingly, Jewish mystical teachings explain that being involved
with "strengthening the body" can lead to a "weakening of the soul."

Thus, especially in the spring and summertime, when we are more
preoccupied with getting and staying in shape, we have to be especially
diligent about exercising and fortifying our souls.

Traditionally, this spiritual body-building is done through the study of
Ethics of the Fathers - Pirkei Avot - on Shabbat afternoons beginning on
the Shabbat after Passover.

In the first chapter of Pirkei Avot (which we study this Shabbat
afternoon) we read that Rabbi Yehoshua ben Perachya said: "...Judge
every person favorably."

At first glance, this doesn't seem like such a difficult task. After
all, it's like saying that we should give someone the benefit of the
doubt or that we should uphold that great American principle of
"Innocent until proven guilty."

However, in real life situations, it's not so simple to consistently
"judge every person favorably."

After all, it's easy to give someone the benefit of the doubt when we
don't even have to lift a finger to do so. But this precept is teaching
us to judge favorably even if doing so is a struggle.

Imagine someone asking you to bench 10 pounds. What a joke! Now, imagine
being told to bench 100 pounds. That's much more serious. What if you
were asked to bench 200 pounds? That's something altogether different.

Judging someone favorably when the other person's actions don't impact
on you is no big deal. It's like benching 10 pounds. It's practically a
joke. But if the other person's conduct does affect you and does not
seem worthy of favorable judgement, that's more like benching 100 pounds
or even 200 pounds. Yet, even then, one should endeavor to find
redeeming virtue in him.

Judging a person favorably involves an honest appreciation of the
challenges which that person faces. And this awareness should also lead
to the understanding that G-d has surely given that person the ability
to overcome these challenges. For, as our Sages state, G-d forces a
person to confront only those challenges which he can overcome. Knowing
that G-d has entrusted the formidable powers necessary to overcome
difficult challenges should heighten the esteem with which we regard
this individual.

With our newfound respect for the person, our interactions with the
person will be permeated with admiration. Our attitude will, in turn,
inspire the individual to bring these potentials to the surface.

As the warm weather continues to lure us to be more involved in healthy
and pleasurable pursuits, let's remember to build our characters and
strengthen our spiritual muscles as well.

This week's Torah portion is called Shemini, the "Eighth," which refers
to the day after the seven days of training the Kohanim (priests)
underwent before the inauguration of the Sanctuary in the desert. Until
the eighth day, G-d's presence did not fill the Sanctuary, the G-dly
fire didn't descend onto the altar.

On the eighth day, following the seven days of their inauguration, Aaron
and his sons begin to officiate as Kohanim; a fire came forth, consumed
the offerings on the altar, and the Divine presence dwelled in the

The portion continues by describing the "strange fire before G-d, which
He commanded them not" that was brought by Aaron's sons and the sons'
subsequent deaths. We also read of the identifying features or kosher
animals and fish, and a list of kosher birds and insects. Lastly, there
are laws of ritual purity, including the purifying power of a mikva and

Back to the concept of eighth, the name of our portion: What is it about
the "eighth"  that makes all the difference?

In nature we find seven to be common. You have seven days of the week,
seven years to our agricultural cycle. Kabbala teaches that there are
seven building blocks of creation, which is six emotional attributes and
the seventh, malchut, which amplifies these attributes, and they are
directly connected to the six days of the week, and Shabbat.

We also find that music has seven notes - A through G. We even are told
that King David had a harp that had seven strings.

All these sevens are meant to bring to the "Eighth."

What is the "Eighth?"

The "Eighth" is our true essence, it is our ability to transcend nature
and connect with the part of ourselves that is above nature, our
neshama, our soul. The neshama is a part of G-d, and when we rise above
nature we feel our essential bond with Him.

The seven days of training, brought them to the Eighth day, on which
G-d's presence reentered the Jewish community. This is because we once
again found our way above our physical selves and revealed our oneness
with G-d.

We work all week for Shabbat and if we utilize Shabbat correctly it will
bring us to the next level.

           Adapted by Rabbi Yitzi Hurwitz from the teachings of the
            Rebbe, Rabbi Hurwitz, who is
       battling ALS, and his wife Dina, are emissaries of the Rebbe
                                                   in Temecula, Ca.

                             SLICE OF LIFE
                                One Word
                            by Laizer Mangel

I visited Auschwitz-Birkenau with my grandfather, Rabbi Nissen Mangel,
one of the youngest child survivors of the Holocaust. It was incredible
to be with him as he relived his experience.

"We left my home town Kosicze and were caught in Bratislava, where we
were held and then taken by train to Auschwitz. After getting off the
miserable cattle car, a Polish Sonderkommando told my mother that if she
left my side, she would have a better chance of surviving, for every
mother together with her young child was sent to the ovens.

"My mother gripped my hand tighter. He came back and repeated his words.
My mother tightened her grip. The next time around, he realized she
wouldn't budge. He told her that just the day before, a woman refused to
let go of her child so they took the baby, tied one leg to one car and
one leg to another, and split the baby in half in front of the mother's

My Zaidy chokes up and says: "My mother didn't let go of me. There's
nothing like a Jewish mother, never abandoning her child.

"Dr. Mengele  (may his memory be erased) sat on a table, smoking a
cigarette, deciding with his thumb who is to life and who is to death.

"My mother and my older sister Trudy were separated from my father and
me. My father, being a broad man, tried shielding me in the hope that
Mengele would not notice me. But he did, and asked me how old I was. I
was 10 and very small, but I said 'I'm 17.' He chuckled, yet motioned
with his thumb for me to join my father. Miracle of miracles.

"We were marched into a room where we stripped our clothing, and then we
entered a chamber. A faucet was turned. Cold water came out."

"Why were you chosen to live?" my grandfather is asked by someone who
stopped to listen.

My grandfather looks up, point to heavens, and says one word. "G-d."

"I managed to be placed in the most difficult workforce - the job of
being harnessed to a massive wagon filled with construction materials,
and with five others, pulling it to different locations sometimes miles
away. A task meant for oxen. But I knew that one day I may be made to
pull this cart to the women's camp, thereby giving me a chance to
possibly see my mother and sister.

And so it happened. The first time I entered the women's camp, I was
surrounded. I was the first child these women had seen in months. They
started hugging me and kissing me, imagining that I was their Yankle,
their Moishe, their little Shlomie, who were put into the ovens. They
showered me with love, giving me extra bread that they had gathered from
their kitchen job, extra sweaters, and extra socks. I asked them the
whereabouts of my sister."

"Mangel? I think there's a Mangel in the barrack over there," they said.

"I made my way over to that barrack, and someone cried out 'Nissen!' I
didn't recognize her. It was a girl with no hair, a white face, no

"Who are you?" my Zaidy asked her.

"Trudy!" she answered.

"I still couldn't believe that this was my sister. I asked her my
father's name. My mother's name. She answered correctly. This was my
sister Trudy. I gave her whatever she needed from the collection that I
had from the women in the kitchen. The next time I came, I had procured
salami for her.

"Who ever heard of salami in Auschwitz? And who ever heard of someone in
the men's camp making their way to the women's camp? If you tell another
survivor, they'd tell you it didn't happen," my Zaidy tells those

"The Nazis went shooting as a sport. But they didn't use targets. They
just lined up 50 Jews instead. There was one commander who sat on his
porch holding a cigarette in left hand, and holding a gun in his right
hand, casually shooting any Jew in sight."

My Zaidy picks up a handful of pebbles and flings them in the air. "To
them, we were worth less than the stones on the ground."

"I got sick, and ended up in a barrack in Lager F, where twins, dwarfs,
and anyone else Mengele used for his experiments, were kept. I was on
the top of a three tiered bunk, burning up with scarlet fever. Mengele
came in with other officials, discussing that he was in the midst of a
project to discover how to make mothers more prone to having twins. See,
he was scared there would be a shortage of young men, as they were all
being sent up to the front to fight.

He told the other officials that he was going to puncture one of my
nerves connecting my brain and my heart, and he wanted to see if I would
get paralyzed, or die. When I heard this, I jumped down to the floor,
and yelled: "Don't experiment on humans - experiment on monkeys!"

Mengele was taken aback. No one ever stood up to him. Even generals
didn't defy him. I noticed the revolver on his belt. He didn't reach for
it. He left the room. I was just waiting for the car to arrive to take
me to the gas chambers. It never came."

"Why didn't Mengele do anything to you?" my Zaidy is asked.

My grandfather looks up, points to the heavens, and says one word.

"The Russians were coming. The Nazis made a Death March. The camp was
split. I realized the more able bodied people were in one line, and
everyone else in the other. I was in the wrong line. I jumped into the
line with the more healthy prisoners. I thought no one saw. Well almost
no one saw- aside from Ukrainian POW's, who although prisoners
themselves, hated Jews as much as the Germans. They beat me and
delivered me to an SS guard, who threw me back into the other line. I
made another attempt. This time no one saw.

"We marched for days. We weren't given food. We ate dirty snow from the
ground. If someone found a worm to eat, they considered it a holiday.

My oversized shoes dug into my skin, eventually cutting to my bones. The
pain was so immense. I couldn't take it anymore. I told the young man in
front of me to make sure to remember exactly where we were, and to
remember my name and family details. That way, when I step out of line
to be shot, he'll know where I perished so that if he eventually meets
any of my family, they can mark my grave and know when to commemorate my

"He said there's no way he's leaving me to die. He held me over his
back, while I was trying my best to help him carry my weight with my one
leg still partially functional. We went on like that for a few days,
until I felt that my time had come. I would slip off his back and let
the angel of death come for me. At that moment, an SS officer
approached. I thanked the young man for carrying me and said my last
prayers. But the officer didn't shoot. Instead, he handed me his black
coffee. I drank it and was overcome with a new strength to continue. The
officer walked beside me for a few minutes, asking me about my
upbringing, and then left. Every day, until the end of the Death March,
this SS officer found me, and handed me a black coffee. Who was this
officer? It must have been Elijah the Prophet.

My sister was still in Auschwitz. The Nazis had to move inland, and
wanted to kill everyone left as fast as possible. My sister was locked
into a barrack that was doused with gasoline. But the wooden structure
was never ignited - the Russians had arrived to liberate the camp. Until
this day in Holocaust museums around the world, you can see a video of
my sister being carried out of the camp by a nurse - because her feet
were frostbitten and she couldn't walk by herself. How did she survive?"

My Zaidy looks up, points to the heavens, and says one word. "G-d."

Standing on the tracks leading into Birkenau, my Zaidy finishes with one
last story. "Shortly after I got married, I was walking with my wife in
Manhattan on a Friday afternoon. A gentleman called out to me to come
into his store to get a bargain on good shirts. But my wife reminded me
that it was getting close to Shabbos. I told the man that I would come
back a different time, now wouldn't work for me.

" 'Why?' he asked.

"I am a Torah observant Jew," I explained, "and I keep the Sabbath."

"He started to yell at me. 'Sabbath? Torah? How can you believe such
things? Where was G-d? If you would've seen what I saw in Auschwitz, you
as well would know it's all nonsense.'

My Zaidy rolls up his sleeve, and continues: "I showed the merchant
these numbers tattooed on my arm, and said 'I too was in Auschwitz. And
you know why I survived? G-d. And you know where G-d was? G-d was with
me. G-d was with you. And G-d is with us." '

                               WHAT'S NEW
                              Published by
                      Lubavitch Youth Organization
                 1408 President St, Brooklyn, NY, 11213
                           phone 718 778 6000

                     Chairman - Rabbi Dovid Raskin
                     Director - Rabbi Shmuel Butman
                Program director - Rabbi Kasriel Kastel
                   Secretary - Rabbi Moshe P. Goldman
                 Administrator - Rabbi Shlomo Friedman
                         Editor - Yehudis Cohen
                Associate Editor - Dovid Y. B. Kaufmann
             Chairman Editorial Comm. - Rabbi Nissen Mangel
                        Rebbe photo - S. Roumani

        L'Chaim contains words from sacred literature. Please do
                         not deface or discard.

              All contents  2017 by L.Y.O. ISSN 1050 0480
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                            THE REBBE WRITES
                        Rosh Chodesh Iyar, 5731

         To all participants in the "Evening with Lubavitch" in
                           Philadelphia, Pa.

                             G-d bless you-

Greeting and Blessing:

I am pleased to extend greetings and prayerful wishes to all
participants in the Evening with Lubavitch, and particularly to the
honored guests.

Inasmuch as the event is taking place in the days of Sefirah ("Counting
of the Omer"), it is well to reflect on the significance of this Mitzvo

At first glance, the counting of days seems to be of no consequence,
since the flow of time is beyond man's control. Yet, it is obviously
very significant in that it lends emphasis to the period connecting the
two most important events in Jewish history: Pesach - the liberation
from Egyptian bondage, marking the birth of the Jewish people; and
Shavuos - the Receiving of the Torah at Sinai, where the Jewish people
became a truly free and mature nation.

Like all things with Torah, the Counting of the Omer has many aspects.
To one of them I will address myself here.

Generally, the counting of things by the unit, rather than by
approximation of the total, indicates the importance of the thing. The
fact that each day, day after day for forty-nine days, a Brocho
[blessing] is said before the counting further emphasizes the importance
of this thing - in this case, the value of time. The Brocho we make
expresses not only our gratitude to G-d for giving us the Mitzvo of
Sefira, but also our gratitude for each day which He gives us. We must
learn to appreciate the precious gift of each day by making the proper
use of it. The tasks we have to accomplish today cannot be postponed for
tomorrow, since a day gone by is irretrievable.

Secondly, while it is true that the flow of time is beyond our control,
since we can neither slow it or quicken it, expand it nor shrink it, yet
in a way we can directly affect time by the content with which we fill
each day of our life. When a person makes a far-reaching discovery, or
reaches an important resolution, he can in effect put "ages" into
minutes. On the other hand, time allowed to go by without proper content
has no reality at all, however long it may last.

Correspondingly, the Torah tells us that man has been given unlimited
powers not only in regard to shaping his own destiny, but also the
destiny of the world in which he lives. Just as in the case of time, the
real length of it is not measured in terms of quantity but in terms of
quality, so also in regard to a man's efforts. Every good effort can
further be expanded by the vitality and enthusiasm which he puts into
it. Indeed,

We must learn to appreciate the precious gift of each day by making the
proper use of it.

the period of seven weeks connecting the abovementioned two greatest
historic events in Jewish life illustrates the Torah concept of time and
effort as indicated above. In the course of only seven weeks, a people
which has been enslaved for 210 years to most depraved taskmasters were
transformed into a "KinG-dom of Priests and Holy Nation," who witnessed
the Divine Revelation at Sinai and received the Torah and Mitzvoth from
G-d Himself.

"Lubavitch" teaches and exemplifies the principle of the predominance of
form over matter, of the soul over the body. It is not the quantity - in
terms of physical capacity and length of time - that is the essential
factor, but it is the quality of the effort and the infinite capacity of
the soul that determine the results.

I trust that the spirit of Lubavitch will stimulate each and all of the
participants to ever greater accomplishments in all areas of Jewish
life, both personal and communal.

With blessing for Hatzlocho,

                        A WORD FROM THE DIRECTOR
                         Rabbi Shmuel M. Butman
Thursday evening, the eve of 28 Nissan, 1991, began with an ordinary
weekday evening service at 770 Eastern Parkway, World Lubavitch
Headquarters. The Rebbe began to deliver what appeared to be a regular
talk. After a short time, however, everything changed. In tones of
intense clarity the Rebbe addressed everyone directly, and most
unusually, in the second person. This was a cry from the heart.

The Rebbe's words were highly charged: "What more can I do to motivate
the entire Jewish people to clamor and cry out, and thus actually bring
about the coming of Moshiach?.... All that I can possibly do is to give
the matter over to you. Now, do everything you can to bring Moshiach,
here and now, immediately.... I have done whatever I can: from now on,
you must do whatever you can...."

Stunned, people around the world began to mobilize. On the following
Shabbat the Rebbe clarified his intent, and emphasized that he was
advocating concrete activity within the reach of everyone:

"Every man, woman and child has an individual responsibility to work to
bring about Moshiach's coming. No one else can shoulder this burden for
him; his own efforts and energy are needed. Each of us must prepare for
the coming of Moshiach by increasing his study of the Torah and
enhancing his performance of its commandments, in a beautiful and
conscientious manner....

"In particular, we should devote our energies to the study of the
mystical dimensions of the Torah as they are revealed in the teachings
of Chasidut. Disseminating these teachings - internalizing them within
our own personalities and teaching them to others - brings the coming of
Moshiach closer.

"More specifically, our study should center on the subject of Moshiach
himself and on the future Redemption, particularly, as these topics are
developed in the discourses and published talks of the Nasi - leader -
of our generation."

Let's do our part and bring Moshiach NOW!

                          THOUGHTS THAT COUNT
Moses received the Torah at Sinai, and passed it on to Joshua, Joshua to
the Elders... (Ethics of the Fathers 1:1)

When Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi compiled all the Mishnaic teachings, he placed
the Mishna describing the transmission of Torah from one generation to
the other as the opening Mishna of the Ethics. The wise men of the
nations of the world also wrote works providing their disciples with
moral instruction. However, they formulated their teachings based on
their own human understanding. Therefore, Rabbi Yehuda began the Ethics
specifically with the words, "Moses received the Torah at Sinai" to
inform us that the moral instruction and the qualities of character
mentioned here are not a product of human invention. They were given to
us by G-d via Moses at Sinai.


                                *  *  *

Shimon HaTzadik... used to say: "The world stands upon three things -
upon Torah, upon Divine service and upon acts of kindness." (1:2)

This Mishna refers to the author of its message as Shimon HaTzadik - the
Righteous. A truly saintly, righteous person is not satisfied with
working upon himself only, but makes an effort to influence the world as
well, as the verse states, "G-d is righteous and loves righteousness."

                                             (Biurim l'Pirkei Avot)

                                *  *  *

Yose ben Yochanan of Jerusalem said: "Let your house be wide open; treat
the poor as members of your own family..." (1:5)

Rabbi Yose ben Yochanan continues the theme of perfecting one's house.
In order for holiness to permeate one's home, it is insufficient to
merely love Torah. The love of Torah must be combined with the love of
one's fellow Jew, expressed in acts of kindness. However, this must be
done in such a way that one's hospitality will not result in undesirable
negative consequences.

                                            (The Maharal of Prague)

                            IT ONCE HAPPENED
Near the town of Lubavitch there was a small village with a Jewish-owned
inn. On his many travels throughout the area, Rabbi Shmuel, the fourth
Lubavitcher Rebbe, passed the village many times, but he never stopped
in that particular inn. One day, however, the Rebbe asked is driver to
stop his carriage at the inn and the Rebbe went inside. No one was home
except the two small children of the owners. The Rebbe asked where their
parents had gone, but the children replied only that they were on some
sort of errands from which they would probably return soon.

"What subjects are you learning in school?" the Rebbe asked.

"I learn Torah," replied the elder of the two.

"And I can read Psalms," chimed in the younger.

"That is very good," said the Rebbe. The Rebbe opened the nearby book of
Psalms and he and the children began to read aloud together.

When the mother returned later she was amazed to find the Rebbe sitting
at her table surrounded by her children reciting Psalms with them. But
as she stood there, she was disquieted by the melancholy tone of the
Rebbe's voice, and without knowing why, she began to weep.

The reading of Psalms continued for some time, and then the Rebbe rose
as if to leave. But as he reached the door handle, he suddenly turned
around and returned to his seat, bidding the children to resume their
recitation. The group read together several more pages and the Rebbe
stood again, wished them farewell and drove away in his carriage.

The woman's nerves were on edge. She anxiously waited for her husband's
return. The innkeeper had gone off to some of the neighboring villages
to collect debts owed to him by his peasant customers. But the hours
passed and night fell without his arrival. Discomfort turned to fear as
the family began to imagine the evil that could have happened.

Finally, in the wee hours of the morning they heard a knock on the door.
The poor woman, shaking from fear, ran to open the door. To her horror,
her husband fell in, fainting on the doorstep. When he finally was able
to open his eyes and speak, he related the following hair-rising tale:

At the house of one of his debtors the peasant asked him to accompany
him to the barn where he would measure out grain which was to be his
payment. The two men walked together to the barn, but when they were
inside , the peasant suddenly bolted the door announcing to the Jew that
he was going to kill him. It took only a few more seconds for the Jew to
realize that this was no joke; the peasant has every intention to carry
out his terrible threat. The innkeeper fell to his knees and begged for
his life, sobbing that he was the sole support of a wife and innocent t
little children. But the farmer had no intention of being swayed. "I
always do what I say, and I am going to kill you now!" was the bellowing
reply. The poor Jew asked for a few minutes to pray to his Creator, and
the peasant nodded absent-mindedly as he combed the barn looking for his
axe. Then he remembered that he left it in the house.

He bound the Jew hand and foot with a heavy rope and ran to the
farmhouse to retrieve the weapon. Not a minute has passed when the
peasant's wife returned from her work in the fields. When she opened the
barn door there was the Jew trussed up like a calf waiting for the
slaughter. He implored the woman to untie him, promising her everything
he could think of, but she was caught in a quandary. On the one hand,
she found it hard to resist his tearful entreaties, on the other hand,
she was deathly afraid of her husband who would murder her on the spot
if he knew she had freed his quarry. Finally, she agreed and quickly
undid his bonds, telling him to go hide amongst the sheaves in the
field. For, when her husband found him missing e would surely search up
and down the road until he found him. For his part, the grateful Hew
instructed the woman to run back to the field, and pretend to be first
returning only when she saw her husband coming.

While the Jew hid in the field between the high grasses and sheaves of
wheat, he could hear the peasant's heavy breathing as he frantically
searched for him. He could see the glint of the farmer's axe, and his
heart beat in terror as he imagined being found. But miraculously, the
peasant did not find him In spite of searching the farm and all the
surrounding roads and pathways. The Jew, meanwhile, lay in the field,
barely breathing, for fear of discovery. Finally, after midnight he
gathered the courage and strength to crawl out from his hiding place and
slowly began his furtive journey home.

His wife listened in increasing wonder to the recital of his tale. When
he had finished she told him of the visit of the Rebbe, and they both
understood what had happened. During the first reading of the Psalms the
Jew had survived the encounter in the barn; and when the Rebbe returned
a second time he had been saved from the peasant in the field.

                            MOSHIACH MATTERS
The week's Torah reading is Shemini, which means "eighth." The name of a
Torah reading reveals the inner connection of its contents. Both the
dedication of the kohanim (priests) and the defnition of kodher animals
are connected by the concept of the "eighth." Seven represents
completion within the natural, physical world, while the "eighth"
elevates that to a higher spiritual real. The "eighth" is associated
with Moshiach.

      (From Reflections of Redemption by Dovid Yisroel Ber Kaufmann
                          o.b.m., to whom this column is dedicated)

                END OF TEXT - L'CHAIM 1468 - Shmini 5777

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